The Indian or common madder belong to a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. It has been cultivated for a red pigment derived from its roots. Common names of this plant include Manjistha in Sanskrit, Marathi, Kannada and Bengali, Majith in Hindi and Gujarati, Tamaralli in Telugu and Manditti in Tamil. Madder is cultivated and grows wild throughout India, South East Asia, Turkey, Europe, South China and parts of Africa, Australia and Japan.
In the ancient world, Manjistha is reputed as an efficient blood purifier and hence is extensively used against blood, skin and urinary diseases. The root extract has a wide range of pharmacological properties used against ailments such as arthralgia, arthritis, the common cough, diabetes, skin discolouration, hemorrhoids, jaundice, slow healing of broken bones, tubercular conditions of the skin and urethrorrhoea etc (Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 25(1), Mar – Apr 2014; Article No. 27, Pages: 154-164.)
Madder is a complex dyestuff containing over 20 individual chemical substances. Alizarin is the most important of these because it provides the famous red and scarlet colours on textile substrates. Other colouring compounds present in this plant include Munjistin, Purpurin and a multitude of yellows and browns, resulting in medium to good fastness properties when combined with different natural mordants. The invention of a synthesised anthracene compound called alizarin, greatly reduced demand for the natural derivative.
We employ genuine Indian madder root powder to produce the colours pink (light to dark shades), brick red orange, red, purple and brown through a standardized dyeing process using different combinations of natural mordants on fibers, fabric and garments with good performance properties such as wash and light fastness properties.